If you’re thinking, ‘I don’t need all that gear because my iPhone pictures look pretty good,’ just try blowing up a handheld photo you took in low light – it’s probably not pretty.
Wait for the best light
Landscapes shot when the sun is high in the sky tend to have harsh shadows, especially when there are no clouds to diffuse the light. The best time to shoot is typically around sunrise and sunset, when the sun’s rays are shining at a steep angle. Photographers refer to this time of day as the “magic hour” or “golden hour,” because the light is softer and has a pleasant warm hue.Another popular time of day for landscape photography is the “blue hour,” which refers to the twilight period when the sun is just below the horizon. On a clear day, the sky should display a rich blue gradient during this time. The evening blue hour is ideal for shooting cityscapes because there’s still enough natural light to see the outlines of buildings, and the city lights are just coming on.